Влияние когерентности оптического излучения низкой интенсивности и периодичности его воздействия на активность ферментов эмбрионов радужной форели (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum, 1792)

М.С. Лиман (M.S. Liman), Н.В. Барулин (N.V. Barulin), В.Ю. Плавский (V.Y. Plavskii)

Аннотация


В работе приведены результаты исследований по влиянию оптического излучения низкой интенсивности на активность ферментов эмбрионов радужной форели при различных вариантах когерентности и периодичности. Показано, что биологической активностью обладает как поляризованное излучение полупроводникового лазера, так и излучение поляризованного светодиодного источника. На основании приведенных, а также ранее полученных данных сделан вывод, что среди фото-физических процессов резонансной и нерезонансной природы (ориентационное действие света; действие градиентных сил; диполь–дипольные взаимодействия; термооптические процессы), способных вызывать фотобиологические эффекты, зависимые от таких лазероспецифических характеристик, как поляризация и когерентность, определяющее влияние в изучаемых в настоящей работе процессах принадлежит ориентационному действию света и диполь-дипольным взаимодействиям. The paper presents results of studies of the effect of low–intensity optical radiation on the enzymes activity of rainbow trout embryos under various coherence and periodicity variants. It is shown that polarized radiation of semiconductor laser and the polarized radiation of light–emitting diode have a biological activity. Based on the presented data and also on data obtained previously, we conclude that among the resonant and nonresonant photophysical processes (orientational effect of light, effect of gradient forces, dipole–dipole interactions, thermooptic processes) capable of inducing photobiological effects dependent on such laser–specific characteristics as polarization and coherence, the determining influence in the processes studied in this work comes from the orientational effect of light and dipole–dipole interactions. And the orientational effect can appear for anisotropic media with liquid–crystal type ordering (especially domains in membranes and multiple–enzyme complexes) both under conditions when there is no resonant absorption and for weakly absorbing structures, and can initiate a change in their conformations and accordingly their functional characteristics.

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Литература


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