Лямблиоз XXI века: распространение, классификация заболевания, патогенез, методы диагностики и профилактики

Е.С. Пашинская (E.S. Pashinskaya), В.В. Побяржин (V.V. Pabiarzhyn), Л.С. Цвирко (L.S. Tsvirko)

Аннотация


Представленная статья посвящена актуальному паразитарному заболеванию – лямблиозу, его распространению, классификации, особенностям патогенеза, диагностики и профилактики. Лямблиоз у взрослых и детей развивается после попадания в организм инвазионных цист простейших. Размножение паразитов начинается через несколько дней после заражения. При остром течении заболевания их количество в желудочно–кишечном тракте достигает десятков миллионов. Паразитирование этих одноклеточных приводит к холециститу и дискинезии. Продукты их жизнедеятельности и распада погибших клеток всасываются в кровь, вызывают интоксикацию и аллергическую сенсибилизацию организма. The article is devoted to the actual parasitic disease - Giardiasis, its spread, classification, pathogenesis, diagnostics and prophylactics. Giardiasis in adults and children develops after ingestion of invasive protozoan cysts. Reproduction of parasites begins a few days after infection. In the acute course of the disease, their quantity in the gastrointestinal tract reaches tens of millions. Parasitizing these unicellulars leads to cholecystitis and dyskinesia. The products of their vital activity and th e decay of dead cells are absorbed into the blood, causing intoxication and allergic sensitization of the body.

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Литература


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